Intellectual Property: general.

Russian law protects intellectual property (IP) rights and follows well established international legal principals of the IP law. However it should be taken into consideration that in practice the level of protection of IP rights in Russia is lower than in the developed western countries.

The main legal act regulating IP rights in the Russian Federation is Part Four of the Civil Code which is in force from January 1, 2008. Russia is a party to a number of international treaties on intellectual property rights including the Universal Copyright Convention, the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, the Madrid Agreement on the International Registration of Trademarks and the Protocol to the Madrid Agreement.