Employment may be terminated by an employer only on the specific grounds provided in the Labour Code, such as reduction in the workforce; the employee's repeated failure to fulfil his/her employment duties without justifiable reasons (if the employee was disciplined within the preceding 12 months); and the employee's unjustified absence from the workplace for more than four consecutive hours during one working day and some others.

Importance of compliance with specific procedures and documentary requirements provided by the Labour Code when terminating employment cannot be overemphasised. The Labour Code gives additional protection to a number of specific categories of employees including minors, pregnant women and women with children, trade union members and some others. Employees are entitled to terminate their employment at any time, without stating any reason, and, as a general rule, with only two weeks' written notice to the employer (head of an enterprise must give at least one month's notice).