Russia: State structure.

Russia is a federation with capital in Moscow (population - approximately 12 million).

It used to consist of 89 Subjects of the Federation, which number is now reduced to 83. There are 46 oblasts, 21 republics, 4 autonomous okrugs, 9 krais, 2 federal cities, and 1 autonomous oblast. These Subjects of the Federation (Regions) are deemed to have equal political rights but they are not equal in area, population or economic development.

They are (administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centres, exceptions have the administrative centre name following in parentheses):

Oblasts: Amur (capital - Blagoveshchensk), Arkhangelsk, Astrakhan, Belgorod, Bryansk, Chelyabinsk, Irkutsk, Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Kemerovo, Kirov, Kostroma, Kurgan, Kursk, Leningrad, Lipetsk, Magadan, Moscow, Murmansk, Nizhniy Novgorod, Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Orenburg, Orel, Penza, Pskov, Rostov, Ryazan, Sakhalin (capital - Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk), Samara, Saratov, Smolensk, Sverdlovsk (capital - Yekaterinburg), Tambov, Tomsk, Tula, Tver, Tyumen, Ulyanovsk, Vladimir, Volgograd, Vologda, Voronezh, Yaroslavl;

Republics: Adygeya (capital - Maykop), Altay (capital - Gorno-Altaysk), Bashkortostan (capital - Ufa), Buryatiya (capital - Ulan-Ude), Chechnya (capital - Groznyy), Chuvashiya (capital - Cheboksary), Dagestan (capital - Makhachkala), Ingushetiya (capital - Magas), Kabardino-Balkariya (capital - Nalchik), Kalmykiya (capital - Elista), Karachayevo-Cherkesiya (capital - Cherkessk), Kareliya (capital - Petrozavodsk), Khakasiya (capital - Abakan), Komi (capital - Syktyvkar), Mariy-El (capital - Yoshkar-Ola), Mordoviya (capital - Saransk), Sakha [Yakutiya] (capital - Yakutsk), North Ossetia - Alaniya (capital - Vladikavkaz), Tatarstan (capital - Kazan), Tyva (capital - Kyzyl), Udmurtiya (capital - Izhevsk);

Autonomous okrugs: Chukotka (capital - Anadyr), Khanty-Mansi (Khanty-Mansiysk), Nenets (capital - Naryan-Mar), Yamalo-Nenets (capital - Salekhard);

Krais: Altay (capital - Barnaul), Kamchatskiy (capital - Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy), Khabarovsk, Krasnodar