Whether marriage in Russia is in healthy state is a matter of debate. Some statistics suggests that it is not. In 2007 the divorce rate (the number of divorces per 1,000 population) was 4.8, which is comparatively high (in the European Union the rate varies from 0 to 3.3); the median length of marriage ended by divorce was 9.4 years, which is comparatively low (the average marriage in the European Union countries lasts between 10.6 and 16.8 years).

Due to certain historical reasons Russian law favours simple divorces. Although the law requires for a divorce to be granted that the marriage is irretrievably broken down, a vague statement about 'irreconcilable differences' will usually suffice.

When both parties agree to divorce and they do not have minor children, they can terminate their marriage through a simple out of court procedure by registering the fact at the state office of civil registrations (ZAGS). In all other cases the divorce is being granted by the court's order.

The Russian Court has jurisdiction in divorce cases when the either party is a Russian citizen, the respondent is a Russian resident or has property on the Russian territory, or the plaintiff resides in Russia.

An out-of-court divorce is normally granted within a month. The court's procedure usually includes a period of reflection and consideration for up to three months. Still, where there is no complex dispute over property or children, the process is usually ended within six months.

A husband cannot initiate a divorce during the pregnancy of his wife and within a year after the birth without her consent.